Examples of T-O Maps

T-O map from Isidore of Seville’s Etymologiarum, 10th century, 11.5 cm diameter

T-O map from Isidore’s Etymologiae, Real Academia de la Historia, Madrid Cod. 76, fol 108 (#205C)

Map of the Etymologiae of Sancha and Sancho, 1047, Real Biblioteca of the Monasterio de El Escorial, Madrid Ms. I.3, fol. 177v

Situs Hierusalem (map of Jerusalem), ca. 1100 A.D., 21.5 X 12.7 cm (#205EE)

Situs Hierusalem (map of Jerusalem)

Climatic Zone and T-O maps, from Novissime Hystoriae by Giacomo Foresti (#205NN)

12th century map of Jerusalem (#205FF) Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Ms. 76 F 5, fol.ir

13th century Circular Plan of Jerusalem, 26 cm diameter (#205GG)
British Library, Additional MS. 32343, f. 15v

10th century Reverse T-O map from MS of Isidore’s De natura rerum, 19 cm diameter (#205HH3),
Cathedral Church of Exeter, MS. 3507, fol. 97r

9th century T-O map from Strasburg MS (#205I)

T-O map showing a fourth continent (Antipode), 11 cm diameter (#205KK)
Stiftsbibliothek, Codex Eins. 263 [973], fol. 182r, Einsiedeln

Sallust T-O map from De bello Jugurthino, West oriented, 6.8 cm diameter (#205LL) Bibliotheque Nationale, MS. Lat.6253, fol. 52v, Paris

Ninth century T-O map from MS of Isidore’s De natura rerum, 12.5 cm diameter (#205JJ)
Burgerbibliothek, Bern, Codex 417, fol. 88v, Bern

13th century Sallust T-O map with symmetrical rivers, 10.5 cm diameter (#205MM) Gonville and Caius College, MS. 719/748, fol. 37v, Cambridge

12th century Spanish T-O map, 7cm diameter (#205PP)

John Rylands University, Rylands MS 8, fol. 8v