Late Medieval Map Bibliography




*JS Library

AlaíI, Cyrus, “The world map of Qazwini”, IMCoS Journal, 52, 1993, pp. 19-23.

*AlaíI, Cyrus, “Oriental medieval maps of the Persian Gulf”, The Map Collector, 60, 1992, pp. 2-8.

AlaíI, Cyrus, “The world map of Qazwini”, IMCoS Journal, 52, 1993, pp. 19-23.

*Andrews, M.C., “The Study and Classification of Medieval MappaMundi”, Archeaologia, vol. LXXV, pp. 61-76,1925-26.

Almagià, Roberto, Monumenta cartografica Vaticana (Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1944).

Almagià, Roberto, Il mappamondo di Fra Mauro, fascimile ed. (Rome, 1956).

Almagià, Roberto, “On the cartographic work of Francesco Roselli,” Imago Mundi, VIII (1951), pp. 27-35.

Arentzen, Jörg-Geerd, Imago Mundi Cartographica: Studien zur Bildlichkeit mittelalterlicher Welt-und Ökumenekarten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Zusammenwirkens von Text und Bild,  Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften 53. Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1984.

Ayusawa, S., “The types of world map made in Japan’s Age of National Isolation”, Imago Mundi  #10, pp. 123-128.


Bagrow, Leo, History of Cartography, revised ~ enlarged by R.A. Skelton, Harvard University Press, Londo: C.A. Watts, 1964, 312pp.

*Baltimore Museum of Art, The World Encompassed, an Exhibition of the History of Maps at the Museum October 7 to November 1952, Baltimore Museum of Art, 125pp.

*Barber, Peter, The Map Book, Levenger Press, Walker & Co., NY, 2005, 360 pp.

*Barber, Peter. “The Evesham world map: A Late Medieval English View of God and the World,” Imago Mundi 47 (1995), pp. 13-33.

*Barber, Peter, “Visual Encyclopaedias the Hereford and other Mappae Mundi,” The Map Collector, Autumn 1989, No. 48, 7.

*Beazley, C.R., The Dawn of Modern Geography: A History of Exploration and Geographical Science from the Conversion of the Roman Empire to A.D. 900, London, 1949 reprint of 1897-1906 edition, 3 volumes.

Beazley, C.R., “New Light on Some Medieval Maps”, Geographical Journal 14 (1899): 620-29; 15 (1900): 130-41, 378-89; 16 (1900): 319-329.

Bevan, W.L. & Philot, H.W., Medieval Geography, Hereford Cathedral 1969 reprint of 1873 edition (Hereford Mappemundi).

Björnbo, Alex Anton, Cartographica Groenlandica (Kobnhavn, 1912).

Brice, W.C., “Early Muslim Sea Charts”, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Volume 1, pp. 53-61.

*Bricker, C., Landmarks in Mapmaking, A History of Cartography: 2500 Years of Maps and  Mapmakers, Elsvier, Amsterdam, 1968, 276pp.

*Brinken, Anna-Dorothee von den, “Monumental Legends on Medieval Manuscript Maps”, Imago Mundi, 42, 1990, pp. 9-25.

Brincken, Anna-Dorothee van den, “Das geographische Weltbild um 1300,” in Peter Moraw (ed.), Das geographische Weltbild um 1300. Politik im Spannungsfeld von Wissen, Mythos und Fiktion (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1989)

*Brotton, J., Great Maps, Dorling Kindersley, 2014, 256pp.

*Brown, L.A., The Story of Maps, reprint New York: Dover, 1979, 397pp.

*Brown, L.A., The World Encompassed, an Exhibition of the History of Maps at the Baltimore Museum of Art, October 7 to November 1952, Baltimore, 125pp.


Cahill, T. A., “The Vinland Map revisited: new compositional evidence on its ink and parchment,” Analytical Chemistry 59 (1987), pp. 829-833.

Cao, Wan-Ru, with Zheng Xihuang, An Atlas of Ancient Maps in China, Beijing, Cultural Relics Publishing House, 1990.

Cao, Wan-Ru, “Research on China’s cartographic history: review for the past 40 years”, Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 9:3, 1990, pp. 283-289.

Cao, Wan-Ru, “A preliminary inquiry into the interchange of maps between China and other countries”, Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 12:3, 1993, pp. 287-295.

Cardini, F. (ed.), Europe 1492, Portrait of a Continent Five Hundred Years Ago, Facts-on-File, New York, 1989, 238pp.

*Cattaneo, Angelo, Fra Mauro’s Mappa Mundi and Fifteenth-Century Venice, Terrarum Orbis, Brepolis Publishers, 470pp.

*Chang, Kueisheng, “Africa and the Indian Ocean in Chinese Maps of the 14th and 15th   Centuries”, Imago Mundi, vol. XXIV, pp. 21-30.

*Connolly, Daniel, The Maps of Matthew Paris, Boydell Press, 2009, 270pp.

*Cordell D.K.Yee, “Taking the World’s Measure: Chinese Maps between Observation and Text”, The History Of Cartography, Volume 2, Book 2.

*Cortazzi, H., Isles of Gold, Antique Maps of Japan, Weatherhill, NY, 1983, 171 pp.

Cortesão, A., The History of Portuguese Cartography, 2 volumes, Coimbra: Junta de Investigacoes do Ultramar Lisboa, 1969-71.

*Crone, G.R., Maps and Their Makers: An Introduction to the History of Cartography, London: Hutchinson, 1953, 5th ed., Archon Books, 1978,181pp.

Crone, G.R., “The Hereford Map”, R.G.S. Journal, 1948.

Crone, Gerald R., “New Light on the Hereford Map”, The Geographical Journal, 131, part 4,  

Dec 1965, pp. 447-62.

Crone, G.R., The Strange Case of the Vinland Map, 1974, 214pp.

Crone, G. R., “Fra Mauro’s representation of the Indian Ocean and the Eastren Islands,” Comitato cittadino per la celebrazione Colombiane. V Centenario della nascità deCristoforo Colombo. Convegno internazionale di studi colombiani (Genova, 1952), Volume III, pp. 57-64.


Davies, A., “Behaim, Martellus and Columbus”, The Geographical Journal, pp. 450.

Delano-Smith, Catherine, “Geography or Christianity: Maps of the Holy Land Before 1000”, Journal of Theological Studies, new series, XLII, part 1, April 1991, pp. 143-52.

*Delumeau, Jean, History of Paradise: The Garden of Eden in Myth and Tradition, University of Illinois Press, 2000, 288 pp.

DeMely, F., “Le ‘de Monstris’ Chinois et les Bestraires Occidentaux”, Revue Archeologique, 1897 (3e sei), 31, 353.

*Destombes, M (ed.), Mappemondes, A.D. 1200-1500 via Monumenta Cartographica vetustioris aevi,: Catalogue preparte par la Commission des Cartes Anciennes de l’Union Geographique Internationale, N. Isreal, 1964 and Imago Mundi, vol. I Supplements, vol. 4, N. Isreal.

Destombes, Marcel, “Fragments of two medieval world maps at the Top Kapu Saray Library,” Imago Mundi, XII (1955), p. 150.

*Dilke O. A. W. and Dilke Margaret, “The Catalan World Map at Modena,” The Map Collector, Winter, 1990, No. 53, pp. 15-19.

Divine, D., The Opening of the New World.

Durand, Dana Bennett, The Vienna-Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the 15th Century: A Study in the Transition from Medieval to Modern Science, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1952.

Van Duzer, Chet and Sandra Saenz-Lopez Perez, ‘Tres filii Noe diviser- unt orbem post diluvium: the world map in British Library Add. MS 37049’, Word & Image 26:1 (2010): 21–39.

Van Duzer, Chet, “Benedetto Cotrugli’s Lost Mappamundi Found Three Times”, Imago Mundi, Volume 65, Part 1:1-14 (2013).


*Edson, Evelyn, Mapping Time and Space: How Medieval Mapmakers viewed their World, The British Library Studies in Map History, Volume I, 1997, 210pp.

Edson, Evelyn, “The oldest world maps: classical sources of three eighth-century mappaemundi”, Ancient World, 24:2, 1993, pp. 169-184.

*Edson, Evelyn, “Matthew Paris’ “other” map of Palestine”, The Map Collector, 66, 1994, pp. 18-22.

*Edson, Evelyn, The World Map, 1300-1492, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2007, 300 pp.


*Falchetta, P. Fra Mauro’s World Map with a Commentary and Translations of the Inscriptions, Brebols, 2006, Terrarum Orbis + CD ROM.

Falchetta, Piero, ‘Il trattato “De navigatione” di Benedetto Cotrugli (1464–65). Edizione commentata del ms. Schoenberg 473. Con il testo del ms. 557 di Yale’, Studi Veneziani 57 (2009): 15–335, esp. 19–25.

Falchetta, Piero,”Manuscript No. 10057 in the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice A possible source for the Catalan Atlas?”, Imago Mundi: 46:1, pp. 19-28.

*Fernandez-Armesto, F., The Times Atlas of World Exploration, 3,000 years of Exploring, Explorers and Mapmaking, Times Books/Harper Collins Publishers, N.Y., 1991, 286pp.

Fisher, J. & Wieser, F.R. von, The Oldest Map with the Name America of the Year 1507 and the Carta Marina of the Year 1516 by Martin Waldseemuller,  N. Isreal, Amsterdam reprint of 1903 Insbruck edition, 64pp. 26 plates.

*Fite, E.D., & Freeman, A., A Book of Old Maps Delineating American History from earliest days down to the close of the Revolutionary War, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1926, 299pp.

Freedman, J.B., The Monstrous Races in Medieval Art and Thought, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

*Fuchs, Walter, “The Mongol Atlas of China”, Monumenta Serica, monograph VIII, Peiping, Fu Jen University, 1946.

*Fuchs, Walter, “Was South Africa Already Known in the 13th Century?”, Imago Mundi, vol. X, pp. 5051. (c)


*Gallez, P., “Walsperger and His Knowledge of the Patagonian Giants, 1448”, Imago Mundi, vol. 33, pp. 91-93.

*Gang, Liu, “The Chinese Inventor of Bi-Hemispherical World Map”, e-Perimetron, Vol. 2, No. 3, Summer 2007, pp. 185-193]

*Garcia-Araez Ferrer, H., La Cartogrfia Medieval Y Los Mapamundis de los Beatos, 1998, Inscripcion Registro G.P. Intel. 00/1998/11818, 178 pp.

*George, Wilma B., Animals and Maps, University of California Press, 1969, 235 pp.

*Goss, J. (ed.), The Mapmakers Art, an Illustrated History of Cartography, Rand McNally, 1993, 376pp.

Gow, Andrew, “Gog and Magog on Mappaemundi and Early Printed Maps: Orientalizing Ethnolography in the Apocalyptic Tradition,” in Journal of Early Modern History (1996).

Grosjean, G., Facsimile Edition of the Catalan Atlas, 1977.

*Gross, J., The Mapmakers Art, an Illustrated History of Cartography, Rand McNally, 1993, 376pp.


*Hale, J., Age of Exploration, Great Ages of Man, Time-Life Books, New York, 1966.

*Hapgood, C.H., Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age, Chilton Books, N.Y., 1966, 315pp.

*Harley, J.B & D. Woodward, History of Cartography, Volume One, Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, University of Chicago Press, 1987, 599pp.

*Harley, J.B & D. Woodward, History of Cartography, Volume Two, Book One, Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian Societies, University of Chicago Press, 1992, 567pp.

*Harris, Hendon, The Asiatic Fathers of America, Warwick House Publishers, Lynchburg, VA, 1975/2003, 148pp.

*Harvey, P.D.A., Medieval Maps, The British Library Board, 1991, 96pp.

Harvey, Paul D.A., ‘The Sawley Map and Other World Maps in Twelfth-Century England’, Imago Mundi, 49 (1997).

*Haywood, John, Historical Atlas of the Medieval World, AD 600-1492, Metro Books, NY, 2008, 50pp.

Heeren, A.H., Explicicatio Planiglobi Orbis terraum faciem exhibentis, ante Medium Seculum XV. Summa arte confecti; Musei Borgiani Velitris; printed in the Commentationes Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis, vol. xvi, 1808, pp. 250-284. [an exposition of the map of the world, showing the face of the globe executed with consummate skill, before the middle of the 15th century. From the Borghese Museum, at Velletri].

Hermann, A., Die Alteste Chinesischen Weltkarten Ostasiatische Zeitschrift, OA2, 1919, 8, 185.

Hermann, A., Die Altesten Chinesischen Karten von Zentral.

Hermannsson, Halldor, The Cartography of Iceland (Cornell University Press, 1931).

*Hiatt, Alfred, Terra Incognita: Mapping the Antipodes before 1600, University of Chicago Press, 2008, 224pp.

Hinks, Arthur Robert, The Portolan Chart of Angelino de Dalorto . . . London: Royal Geographical Society, 1929.

Hodgkiss, A. G., Understanding maps. A systematic history of their use and development (Dawson, 1981).

*Hoogvliet, Margriet, ‘The Mystery of the Makers: Did Nuns Make the Ebstorf Map?’ Mercator’s World, I, no. 6 (1996), pp. 16-21.

*Hulbert, H., “An Ancient Map of the World”, American Geographic Society Bulletin, October 1904, pp. 600-605. (c)


Jomard, Edme Francois, Les monuments de la geographie; ou, Recueil d’anciennes cartes europeenes et orientales, (Atlas), Paris: Duprat, etc. 1842-62.


Kamal, Prince Youssouf, Monumenta Cartographica Africae et Aegypti, Cairo, 5 volumes, 1926-1951.

*Harvey, P.D.A., Medieval Maps, The British Library Board, 1991, 96pp.

*Kimble, G.H.T., Geography of the Middle Ages, Russell & Russell, N.Y., 1968, 272pp. (c)

Kimble, G., Memoir on the Catalan World Map of the R. Biblioteca Estena at Modena, Royal Geographical Society, 1934, l0pp. + map.

Kimble, G., “Some Notes on Medieval Cartography, with special reference to M. Behaim's Globe”, Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. XLIX (1933), pp. 91-98.

*Kimble, G., “The Laurentian World Map, with special reference to its portrayal of Africa”, Imago Mundi, vol. I, pp. 29-33. (c)

King, G.G., ‘Divagations on the Beatus’, Art Studies, VIII, Part 1 (1930), 3-58.

*Kline, N. R., Maps of Medieval Thought the Hereford Paradigm, The Boydell Press, 2001, 261pp.

Kupfer, Marcia, “The Lost Mappamundi at Chalivoy-Milon”, Speculum, LXVI, no. 3, July 1991, pp. 540-71.

Kupfer, Marcia, “The Lost Wheel Map of Ambrogio Lorenzetti”, Art Bulletin, LXXVIII, no. 2, June 1996, pp. 286-310.

Kupfer, Marcia, “Medieval World Maps: Embedded Images, Interpretive Frames”, Word and Image, X, no. 3, July-Sept 1994, pp. 262-88.


*Landström, Biorn, Bold Voyages and Great Explorers, Doubleday, N.Y., 1964.

*Larner, John, Marco Polo and the Discovery of the World, NB, 2001, 266pp

Lattin, Harriet Pratt, “The 11th Century MS Munich 14436: its Contribution to the History of Coordinates, of Logic, of German Studies in France”, Isis, XXXVIII, 1947-8, pp. 205-25.

*LeCoq, Danielle, “La mappemonde du Liber Floridus ou la vision de Lambert de Saint-Omer”, Imago Mundi, 39, 1987, pp. 9-49.

LeCoq, Danielle, ‘La Mappemonde d’Henri de Mayence, ou l’Image du Monde au XIIe Siecle’, in Iconographie Medievale: Image, Texte, Contexte, ed. By Gaston Duchet-Suchaux (Paris, 1990), 155-207.

*Ledyard, G., “The Kangnido: A Korean World Map, 1402”, Circa 1492, pp. 329-332.

Lee, Dr. Chan, Old Maps of Korea, The Korean Library Science Research Institute, Seoul, Korea, 1977, 249 pp.

*Lelewel, Joachim, Geographie du moyen age... accompagne d’atlas et de cartes dans chaque, Meridian Publications, 1966 reprint of 1852-57 Brussels: Pilliet edition, 5 vols., (atlas).

Lewis, Suzanne, The Art of Matthew Paris, Berkeley, 1987.


Massing, J.M., “Observations and Beliefs: The World of the Catalan Atlas”, Circa 1492, pp. 27-33

*McCrindle, J.W., The Christian Topography of Cosmas, an Egyptian Monk, Hakluyt Society, Series 1, vol. 98, 1897. (c)

Miller, Konrad, Mappaemundi: Die aeltesten Weltkarten, Stuttgart: J. Roth, 6 volumes., 1895-1898. Vol. 1, Die Weltkarte des Beatus (1895); Vol. 2, Atlas von 16 LichtdruckTafeln (1895); Vol. 3, Die kleineren Weltkarten (1895); Vol. 4, Die Herefordkarte (1896); Vol. 5, Die Ebstorfkarte  (1896); Vol. 6, Rekonstruierte Karten (1898).

Moffitt, John F., “Medieval Mappaemundi and Ptolemyís Chorographia”, Gesta, XXXII/1, 1993, pp. 59-68.

*Moir, A.L., The World Map in the Hereford Cathedral, 1970, 40pp.

Moralejo, Serafin, “World and Time in the Map of Osma Beatus”, Apocalipsis Beati Liebanensis. Burgi Oxomensis, II: El Beato de Osma: Estudios, ed. by John Williams, Valencia, 1992, pp. 151-79.

Muroga, N. and Unno, K., “The Buddhist world map in Japan and its contact with European maps”.


*Nakamura, H., East Asia in Old Maps, East-West Center Press, Honolulu/Tokyo, 1964, 84pp. (c)

*Nakamura, H., “Old Chinese World Maps Preserved by the Koreans”, Imago Mundi #4,  pp. 3-22.

*Nebenzahl, K., Atlas of Columbus and the Great Discoveries, Rand McNally, 1990, 168pp.

*Nebenzahl, Kenneth, Maps of the Holy Land, Abbeville Press, N.Y., 1986, 164pp.

*Needham, Joseph & Wang Ling, Science and Civilisation in China, 3 Volumes, Cambridge University Press, 1959.

Newton, A.P., Travel and Travelers of the Middle Ages, Books for Libraries Press, Inc., N.Y., 1967 reprint of 1926 edition.

*Nordenskiöld, A.E., Facsimile Atlas to the Early History of Cartography, with reproductions of the most important maps in the XV and XVI centuries, 1973 reprint of 1889 Stockholm edition, Dover Publications, 141pp., 170 maps.

Nordenskiöld, A.E., Perplus, 1967 reprint of 1897 edition, Burt Franklin Research and Source Work Series, no. 52, 208pp, 97 maps.

*Nordenskiöld, A.E. An Account of a Copy from the 15th Century Map of the World engraved on metal, A. L. Norman, Stockholm, 1891, 29 pp.


              *Park, H., Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 276pp.

Penrose, B., Travel and Discovery in the Renaissance, 1420-1620, Harvard University Press, 1960.

*Phillips, J.R.S., The Medieval Expansion of Europe, Oxford University Press, 1998, 344pp.

*Plaut, Fred, “Where is Paradise? The Mapping of a Myth”, Map Collector, no. 29, Dec 1984, pp. 2-7.

*Pohl, Frederick, Atlantic Crossings before Columbus, W.W. Norton, Co., 1961, 315pp.


*Raisz, Erwin, General Cartography, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1948.

*Ravenstein, E.G., Martin Behaim: His Life and His Globe, (London: G. Philip and Son, 1908).

  Rees, R., “Historical Links Between Cartography and Art”, Geographical Review, vol. 70,  1980, pp. 60-78.

Richardson, W.S., “South America on Maps before Columbus? Martellus’ ‘Dragon’s Tail’ Peninsula”, Imago Mundi, 55:1, pp. 25-37.

*Robinson, K.R., “Chosen Korea in the Ryukoku Kangnido: Dating the Oldest Extant  

  Korean Map of the World (15th Century)”, Imago Mundi, Volume 59, Part 2, pp. 177-192.


Salomon, Richard G., “A Newly Discovered Manuscript of Opicinus de Canistris”, Journal of Warburg and Courtauld Institute, XVI, 1953, pp. 45-57.

Salomon, Richard G., “Aftermath to Opicinus de Canistris”, Journal of Warburg and Courtauld Institute, XXV, 1962, pp. 137-46.

Santarem, Manuel (Vcte de), Atlas Compose de Mappemondes, de Portulans et de Cartes Hydrographiques de puis le VIe jusqu’au XVIIe Siecle, Paris 1842-1853. Reprint, Amsterdam: R. Muller, 1985.

Santarem, Manuel Francisco de Barros y Sousa de Vicomte de, “Note sur la mappemonde du cosmographe Fra Mauro,” Bulletin de la Société de Géographe, Paris, 3e sér., V (1846).

Santarem, Manuel (Vcte de), Essai sur l’histoire de la Cosmographie et de la Cartographie pendant le Moyen Age et sur les progres de la geographie apres les grandes decouvertes du XV siecle, 3 volumes., Paris: Maulde et Renou, 1849-52.

*Seaver, Kirsten A., Maps, Myths, and Men: The Story of the Vinland Map, Stanford University Press, 2004, 480pp.

*Seaver, Kirsten “Cartographic controversy: Albertin de Virga and the Far North” Mercator’s World 2:6, 1997.

*Scafi, Alessandro, Mapping Paradise, The University of Chicago Press, 2006, 398 pp.

Schoy, Carl, “The Geography of the Moslems of the Middle Ages”, Geographical Review, vol.14, 1924, pp. 257-269.

*Shirley, Rodney W., The Mapping of the World, early printed world maps, 1472-1700, London: Holland Press, Cartographica, 1984, 669pp.

*Skelton, R.A., G.D. Painter & T.E. Marston, The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation, Yale University Press, 1965, 291pp.

*Skelton, R.A., Maps: a historical survey of their study and collecting, University of Chicago Press, 1972, 138pp.

*Smith, Richard J., Chinese Maps, Images of ‘all under Heaven’, Oxford University Press, 1996, 88pp.

*Soothill, W.E., “Two Oldest Maps in China Extant”, R.G.S. Journal, vol. LXIX, 1927, pp. 532-555.

Stevens, Wesley M., “The Figure of the Earth in Isidoreís De Natura Rerum”, Isis, LXXI, 1980, pp. 268-77.

Stevenson, E.L., The Genoese World Map, 1457, facsimile and text, N.Y., 1912.

*Stevenson, E.L., Terrestrial and Celestial Globes, Yale University Press for the Hispanic Society of America, no. 86, 1921.


*Talbert, Richard J. A., Unger, R. W., Cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Fresh Perspectives, New Methods (Technology and Change in History), Brill Academic Publishers, 2008, 299pp.

*Thompson, Gunnar, The Friar’s Map of Ancient America, 1360 A.D., Laura Lee Publications, Seattle, 1996, 304pp.

Tobler, W.R., “Medieval Distortions: The Projections of Ancient Maps”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers 56 (1966), pp. 351-60.

*Tooley, R.V., Maps and Mapmakers, B.T. Batsford Ltd, London, 1970, (4th edition), 140pp.

*Thrower, N. J.W., Maps and Man: an examination of cartography in relation to culture and civilization, Prentice Hall, 1972, 184pp.


Uhden, Richard, “Die Weltkarte des Isidorus von Sevilla”, Mnemosyne: Bibliotheca Classica Batavia, 3rd ser., III, part 1, 1935-6, pp. 1-28.

Uhden, Richard, “Die Weltkarte des Maritianus Capella”, Mnemosyne, 3rd ser., III, part 3, 1935-6, pp. 97-124, with fold-out map.

Uhden, Richard, “Zur Herkunft und Systematik der mittelalterlichen Weltkarten,” Geographishe Zeitschrift 37 (1931), 37.

*Unger, E., “From Cosmos Picture to the World Map”, Imago Mundi, vol. II, pp.17. (c)


*Van Duzer, C., Sea Monsters on Medieval and Renaissance Maps, British Library, 2013, 143pp.

Vaughn, Richard, ed., The Illustrated Chronicles of Matthew Paris, Cambridge, 1993.

*Virga, Vincent, Cartographia, Mapping Civilizations, Little, Brown & Co., 2007, 266pp.


Washburn, Wilcomb E., Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference, Chicago University  Press, 1971.

Wallis, Helen et al., “The Strange Case of the Vinland Map: A Symposium,” Geographical Journal 140 (1974): pp. 183-214.

*Wallis, Helen, “That Vinland Map again,” The Map Collector 1 (December 1977), 16.

Wallis, Helen, “The Vinland Map: fake, forgery or jeu d’esprit?” The Map Collector, Winter 1990, No. 53, pp. 2-6.

Werckmeister, Otto-Karl, ‘Pain and Death in the St Sever’, Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., XIV, part 2, (1973) 565-626.

*Westrem, S.D., The Hereford Map, a Transcription and Translation of the Legends with Commentary, 2001, Brepols Terrum Orbis, 476pp. + CD ROM.

*Westrem, S.D., “Learning from Legends on the James Ford Bell Library Mappamuni”, The James Ford Bell Lectures, No. 37.

*Whittington, K., Body-Worlds, Opinicus de Canistris and the Medieval Cartographic Imagination, Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies (PIMS), 212pp, 2014.

Williams, John Welsley, The Illustrated Beatus, A Corpus of the Illustrations of the Commentary on the Apocalypse, 5 volumes, London, Harvey Miller, 1995.

*Williams, John Welsley, “Isidore, Orosius and the Beatus Maps”, Imago Mundi, 49, 1997.

Williams, John Welsley and Barbara Shailor, eds., A Spanish Apocalypse: The Morgan Beatus Manuscript, New York, 1991, a facsimile of Morgan MS 644.

Wilson, The Making of the Nuremberg Chronicle, Nico Israel, 1977, 253pp.

*Winter, H., “A Circular Map in a Ptolemaic MS”, Imago Mundi, vol. X, pp.15-22.

Winsor, Justin, Narrative and Critical History of America, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1884-89, 8 volumes.

Witten, Lawrence, “Vinland Saga recalled,” Yale University Gazette 64 (1989), pp. 10-37.

Wittkower, Rudolf, “Marvels of the East: A Study in the History of Monsters,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 5 (1942)

Wolf, Armin, “News on the Ebstorf World Map: Date Origin, Authorship”, Geographie du Monde au Moyen Age et a la Renaissance, ed. by Monique Pelletier, Paris, 1989, pp. 51-68.

Wolff, Hans, “The Conception of the World on the Eve of the Discovery of America - Introduction,” in Wolff, Hans (ed.), America. Early Maps of the New World, Yale University Library Gazette, vol. 37, no. 1 (July 1962).

*Woldan, E., “A circular, copper-engraved, medieval world map”, Imago Mundi, 1954.

*Woodward, David (ed.), Art & Cartography, University of Chicago Press, 1987, 249pp.


*Woodward, David, Five Centuries of Map Printing, University of Chicago Press,

1975, 177 pp.

Woodward, David, “Reality, Symbolism, Time and Space in Medieval World Maps”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers 75 (1985): 51021.

*Wright, J.K., The Geographical Lore at the Time of the Crusades: A Study in the History of Medieval Science and Tradition in Western Europe, Dover Publications, 1965, 535 pp.

*Wright, J.K., The Leardo Map of the World, 1452 or 1453, American Geographical Society, Library Series #4, 1928.

Wroth, L.C., Early Cartography of the Pacific, Bibliographical Society of America Papers,

N.Y., 1944, 22 maps.


*Young-woo, Han, Ahn Hwi-Joon, Bae Woo Sung, The Artistry of Early Korean Cartography, Tamal Vista Publications, Lacksupr, CA, 1999, 210pp.

Yule, H., Cathay and the Way Thither.